Some of the recent threats include two-faced malware, ghostware, cloud jailbreaking, headless worms, machine-to-machine attacks, and more. However, the biggest threat that is attacking enterprise businesses is ransomware (e.g. WannaCry). This type of malware is designed to seize the victim’s operations until they pay exorbitant costs, often in bitcoins, that can increase over time. If the ransom is not paid, the victim is permanently locked out of important files. These files are critical for business operations. That is why threat remediation has become so important. As an enterprise, how should you adopt it to achieve optimal protection against cyber threats?
Threat Remediation | Definition
First, you need to understand what threat remediation means. It refers to the process of identifying and resolving threats that can harm the computer networks and systems within an organization. Threats can be anything that infiltrates those systems to damage critical hardware and software, disrupt operations, and steal sensitive data.
If you have not considered embracing the principles of threat remediation, e.g. implementing advanced virus prevention solutions, you have a higher risk of infections like cloud jailbreaking and ransomware. Cyberattacks no longer become a case of “if it will happen” but “when it will happen.”
Basic Antivirus Software = Insufficient Protection
In the past, the combination of a PC and an antivirus software was enough to defend against most viruses. But today’s landscape of cybersecurity is more complex. Although installing anti-virus software on all connected devices is still advisable, organizations must understand that no connected computer is 100 percent immune to certain threats. Threat remediation is an additional layer of protection you should have.
How Does Threat Remediation Work?
There are two key components of threat remediation: 1) Conducting risk assessments. 2) Deployment of vulnerability management systems. Risk assessments involve businesses gathering intelligence about potential vulnerabilities in their operations and systems that may leave them open to cyber threats. The main areas that require your attention include:
- Vulnerability and threat management
- Education and awareness
- Identity management
- Crisis and incident management
- Policies and regulations
- Emerging technologies
- Security architecture
- Security management
- Third party vendors
These risk assessments are typically conducted by an in-house IT department, a managed security provider, or members of executive management. During this phase, it is pertinent that risk data should be prioritized in a way that is easily actionable.
After completing a risk assessment and discovering potential vulnerabilities, organizations should proceed by implementing a vulnerability management system. They need to focus on protecting the most important assets first. Some examples of vulnerability remediation include:
- Improving workflows and security rules
- Removing bad connections
- Changing network configurations
- Integrating with certain protocols and programs to achieve proper cyber threat protection in the cloud
- Patching vulnerable network devices and software
- Identify and close blind spots
- Develop prioritized to-do lists
You should always view threat remediation as an active approach to strengthening cybersecurity measures. Organizations should not be stuck on conducting risk assessments only. They must deploy a vulnerability management system too. Next, businesses should embrace the principles of training all departments. It is pertinent that you promote a culture where employees know what to do to prevent and react to threats. Some of the ways of increasing cybersecurity awareness include providing quick reference guides that allow employees to identify issues and escalate them without delay.